Emotional intelligence is commonly defined as the ability to recognize and manage your emotions as well as the emotions of people around you. It’s the ability which lets you improve your relationship with your loved ones, family and also coworkers and can help you in meeting tight deadlines, dealing with change, and dealing with setbacks and failures.
Personal and professional benefits of Emotional Intelligence:
- Great career success
- Improve personal relationships
- Increased optimism and confidence
- Improved leadership skills
- Effective communication
- Improve problem-solving skills
Emotional intelligence (EI) is difficult to measure than intelligence quotient (IQ). Several emotional intelligence tests have been designed which evaluate different aspects of your emotional intelligence and also suggest, how you can improve it.
Key elements of Emotional Intelligence
According to American psychologist, Daniel Goleman, there are five key elements of emotional intelligence:
- Self-awareness: If you can understand your feelings, you can handle the way you are going to interact with the people around you. You must know the impact you have on people around you.
- Self-regulation: You must be able to manage your own emotions, in order to avoid workplace conflict.
- Motivation: Leaders must be able to motivate themselves, accept challenges, and be positive in any crisis.
- Empathy: To manage a successful team or organization, leaders must have empathy for other people’s feelings and their problems, and this is imperative in relationships.
- Social skills: Social skills play an essential role in an organization’s effective communication environment and add to organization success.
How to enhance your Emotional Intelligence
Enhancing your emotional intelligence is not an easy thing to do. There are several tools available to improve your EQ competency. Some people take emotional intelligence coaching and training programs. But, we will here describe 10 simple ways by which you can enhance your emotional intelligence:
- Observe how you feel. You must identify what makes you lose concentration and what gives you negative feelings.
- Observe your behavior. Notice how you behave with other people when you are experiencing certain emotions. Try putting yourself in their place.
- Keep a journal or diary. Journals help you get an accurate gauge of yourself. Take a few minutes; write what happened, and how it made you feel. This will improve your self-awareness.
- Be motivated. Understand what motivates you and use it to achieve a goal. Good leaders are self-motivated, and their behavior motivates others.
- Have empathy for others. To understand other people’s feelings, you must be a good listener. You must be able to put yourself in their position and respond to their feelings
- Improve social skills. You must learn how to communicate with your co-workers. You must have the skills to deal with change and managing conflicts and building relationships among people around you.
- Be positive. You must keep a positive mindset. Consider problems as opportunities to learn and know how to praise others.
- Stop complaining. Complaining is not a solution to the problem. Your constant complaining can have an adverse effect on the whole environment. So, Instead of finding someone to blame, you must find the root of the problem and its solution.
- Appreciate criticism. If you wish to enhance your emotional intelligence, you must be able to take critique. Instead of getting offended you can use that criticism to improve your performance.
- Stop being critical. Where you must appreciate criticism towards you, you must not be overly critical towards other people as it will only result in destroying their morale.