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Big Five Personality Traits

Big Five Personality Traits

Big Five personality traits

Big five personality traits. Many contemporary personality psychologists believe that there are five basic dimensions of personality, often referred to as the “Big 5” personality traits. The five broad personality traits described by the theory are extraversion (also often spelled extroversion), agreeableness, openness, conscientiousness, and neuroticism.


Trait theories of personality have long attempted to pin down exactly how many personality traits exist. Earlier theories have suggested a various number of possible traits, including Gordon Allport’s list of 4,000 personality traits, Raymond Cattell’s 16 personality factors, and Hans Eysenck’s three-factor theory.


However, many researchers felt that Cattell’s theory was too complicated and Eysenck’s was too limited in scope. As a result, the five-factor theory emerged to describe the essential traits that serve as the building blocks of personality.


What Are the Big Five Dimensions of Personality?


Today, many researchers believe that there are five core personality traits.1 Evidence of this theory has been growing for many years, beginning with the research of D. W. Fiske (1949) and later expanded upon by other researchers including Norman (1967), Smith (1967), Goldberg (1981), and McCrae & Costa (1987).


The “big five” are broad categories of personality traits. While there is a significant body of literature supporting this five-factor model of personality, researchers don’t always agree on the exact labels for each dimension.


You might find it helpful to use the acronym OCEAN (openness, conscientiousness, extraversion, agreeableness, and neuroticism) when trying to remember the big five traits. CANOE (for conscientiousness, agreeableness, neuroticism, openness, and extraversion) is another commonly used acronym.


It is important to note that each of the Big five personality traits factors represents a range between two extremes. For example, extraversion represents a continuum between extreme extraversion and extreme introversion. In the real world, most people lie somewhere in between the two polar ends of each dimension.


These five categories are usually described as follows.




This trait features characteristics such as imagination and insight. People who are high in this trait also tend to have a broad range of interests. They are curious about the world and other people and eager to learn new things and enjoy new experiences.


People who are high in this trait tend to be more adventurous and creative. People low in this trait are often much more traditional and may struggle with abstract thinking.




  • Very creative


  • Open to trying new things


  • Focused on tackling new challenges


  • Happy to think about abstract concepts






  • Dislikes change


  • Does not enjoy new things


  • Resists new ideas


  • Not very imaginative


  • Dislikes abstract or theoretical concepts


  • Conscientiousness


Big five personality traits. Standard features of this dimension include high levels of thoughtfulness, good impulse control, and goal-directed behaviours. Highly conscientious people tend to be organised and mindful of details. They plan, think about how their behaviour affects others, and are mindful of deadlines.




  • Spends time preparing


  • Finishes important tasks right away


  • Pays attention to detail


  • Enjoys having a set schedule




  • Dislikes structure and schedules


  • Makes messes and doesn’t take care of things


  • Fails to return things or put them back where they belong


  • Procrastinates important tasks


  • Fails to complete necessary or assigned tasks




Extraversion (or extroversion) is characterized by excitability, sociability, talkativeness, assertiveness, and high amounts of emotional expressiveness. People who are high in extraversion are outgoing and tend to gain energy in social situations. Being around other people helps them feel energized and excited.


People who are low in extraversion (or introverted) tend to be more reserved and have less energy to expend in social settings. Social events can feel draining and introverts often require a period of solitude and quiet to “recharge.”




  • Enjoys being the center of attention


  • Likes to start conversations


  • Enjoys meeting new people


  • Has a wide social circle of friends and acquaintances


  • Finds it easy to make new friends


  • Feels energized when around other people


  • Say things before thinking about them




  • Prefers solitude


  • Feels exhausted when having to socialize a lot


  • Finds it difficult to start conversations


  • Dislikes making small talk


  • Carefully thinks things through before speaking


  • Dislikes being the center of attention





This personality dimension includes attributes such as trust, altruism, kindness, affection, and other prosocial behaviours. People who are high in agreeableness tend to be more cooperative while those low in this trait tend to be more competitive and sometimes even manipulative.




  • Has a great deal of interest in other people


  • Cares about others


  • Feels empathy and concern for other people


  • Enjoys helping and contributing to the happiness of other people


  • Assists others who need help




  • Takes little interest in others


  • Doesn’t care about how other people feel


  • Has little interest in other people’s problems


  • Insults and belittles others


  • Manipulates others to get what they want




Neuroticism is a trait characterized by sadness, moodiness, and emotional instability.1 Individual who is high in this trait tends to experience mood swings, anxiety, irritability, and sadness. Those low in this trait tend to be more stable and emotionally resilient.




  • Experiences a lot of stress


  • Worries about many different things


  • Gets upset easily


  • Experiences dramatic shifts in mood


  • Feels anxious


  • Struggles to bounce back after stressful events




  • Emotionally stable


  • Deals well with stress


  • Rarely feels sad or depressed


  • Doesn’t worry much


  • Is very relaxed


Are the Big five personality traits Universal?


McCrae and his colleagues have also found that the big five traits are also remarkably universal. One study that looked at people from more than 50 different cultures found that the five dimensions could be accurately used to describe personality.


Based on this research, many psychologists now believe that the five personality dimensions are not only universal; they also have biological origins.


Psychologist David Buss has proposed an evolutionary explanation for these five core personality traits, suggesting that these personality traits represent the most important qualities that shape our social landscape.


What Factors Influence the Big five personality traits?


Research suggests that both biological and environmental influences play a role in shaping our personalities. Twin studies suggest that both nature and nurture play a role in the development of each of the five personality factors.2


One study of the genetic and environmental underpinnings of the five traits looked at 123 pairs of identical twins and 127 pairs of fraternal twins. The findings suggested that the heritability of each trait was 53 percent for extraversion, 41 percent for agreeableness, 44 percent for conscientiousness, 41 percent for neuroticism, and 61 for openness.


Longitudinal studies also suggest that these big five personality traits tend to be relatively stable throughout adulthood. One study of working-age adults found that personality tended to be stable over four years and displayed little change as a result of adverse life events.


Studies have shown that maturation may have an impact on the five traits. As people age, they tend to become less extraverted, less neurotic, and less open to the experience. Agreeableness and conscientiousness, on the other hand, tend to increase as people grow older.


What Are The Big Five Personality Traits Give An Example Of Each?

What are the big five personality traits give an example of each

What are the big five personality traits give an example of each?




People who show a high degree of neuroticism are least stable emotionally. They tend to overreact to little things and get upset easily. They face a hard time managing stress and are vulnerable to the induction of negative moods.


The low emotional stability associated with neuroticism is a contributory factor to their mood-related problems. Trivial issues tend to make them angry and anxious. Studies show that this personality trait puts a person at the risk of suffering from depression.


Such individuals tend to see the negative side of things and easily slip into a negative emotional state. A moody person, worries about things, and gets tense, irritated, or nervous easily, is the best example of neuroticism.




What are the big five personality traits give an example of each? This personality trait has a significant impact on social behaviour. People with extraversion personality traits are highly social. They tend to have strong social skills and are extremely friendly.


They like interacting with people and enjoy attending social events like parties. They are attention seekers, enthusiastic, talkative, and love engaging in deep discussions. They are assertive and are at ease while talking to others.


They are extremely uncomfortable spending time alone, and hence, are always seen in the company of others. Teachers, politicians, and salespersons who enjoy engaging with people, are all examples of this personality trait.




Politeness and compassion are the hallmarks of people having this personality trait. People with this personality trait are more than happy to help others. Agreeableness has been associated with good behaviour.


They are goodhearted people, extremely cooperative and trustworthy. Positive aspects, such as politeness, being courteous and considerate to others, can be noticed when interacting with people having this personality trait.


They are high in empathy, and their style of communication shows concern and respect for their colleagues. Some of the best examples of agreeableness personality traits are individuals who are helpful, empathetic, and unselfish.




Self-discipline and dutifulness are the two important aspects of a conscientious personality. A highly conscientious person performs his day-to-day tasks in the most disciplined manner. He is highly responsible, well-organised, and very particular about planning to achieve goals.


He also takes all the necessary steps to achieve success in life. Individuals who display this personality trait tend to consider the impact of their actions beforehand.


They perform actions well within their ethical beliefs, and those actions never breach the boundary of moral decency. They are cautious while conversing and measured in their actions.


They exercise self-control, and never act impulsively. People who score high on the conscientiousness scale work hard and strive toward perfection. They work efficiently and tend to be workaholics who desire to excel in their careers.


What are the big five personality traits give an example of each? Punctuality, reliability, using time efficiently, and strictly obeying workplace rules are all traits observed in people with a conscientious personality.


Their various aspects of life reflect the characteristics of conscientiousness. For instance, their homes are clean and organised, free from any sort of clutter. The day-to-day necessities such as clothes and books are arranged properly, rather than haphazardly stuffed in the room.




People displaying an open personality are open-minded and receptive to new ideas. They are adventurous and eager to go move out of their comfort zone and experience new things. They prefer to come out of their monotonous routine.


They seek to learn new things that enhance their knowledge. They enjoy finding a solution to a creative puzzle. Scientists and professional artists tend to have high openness levels and score high on creativity.


Low openness is an indication of conservative behaviour and unwillingness to accept liberal views. Although people with a low level of openness are not good at showcasing their creative skills, they may be efficient in doing monotonous jobs.


Why Are The Big Five Personality Traits Important?

Why are the big five personality traits important

Why are the big five personality traits important? The five-factor model not only helps people better understand how they compare to others and puts names to their characteristics. It’s also used to explore relationships between personality and many other life indicators.


Why are the big five personality traits important? These include consequential outcomes such as physical health and well-being as well as success in social, academic, and professional contexts.


Why are the big five personality traits important? Personality psychologists have observed reliable associations between how people rate on trait scales and how they fare or feel, on average, in various aspects of their lives.


What Are The Big Five Personality Traits Quizlet?

What are the big five personality traits quizlet

What are the big five personality traits Quizlet? We all want to feel understood. Taking a little time to appreciate the people around us can make the world a less lonely place.


The Big Five personality theory gives a simple blueprint to understanding others and improving relationships by knowing why people tend to behave the way that they do. You can even use the theory to help better understand yourself and how to get along with others better than ever before.


Best of all, the theory has an easy to remember acronym:


OCEAN: openness to experience, conscientiousness, extroversion, agreeableness, and neuroticism. You can go through each to see if you or someone else ranks high or low for each category. In doing so, you can make better connections and improve your people skills.


  1. Openness To Experience


Openness to experience refers to a person’s willingness to try new things. A person with a high level of openness tends to have a big imagination, a preference for variety, and a love to learn new things. A person low in openness tends to prefer routine and stick to their comfort zone.


Is this you?


-I love to try new things.

-I have a big imagination.

-I always try new activities.


What are the big five personality traits Quizlet? If you answered mostly yes, chances are that you are high in openness to experience. If you disagree, you are probably low in openness.


  1. Conscientiousness


Conscientiousness refers to how a person gets something done. A person with a high level of conscientiousness spends time preparing, and finishing tasks right away, paying attention to details, and prefers to plan to do a task dutifully.

A person with a low level of conscientiousness prefers spontaneity and dislikes schedules. They tend to be messy and procrastinate on important tasks.


Is this you?

-I like to write lists.

-I am very well-organised.

-I like to plan rather than do something spontaneously.


  1. Extroversion


Extroversion refers to how a person draws their energy and interacts with others. A highly extroverted person feels energized from socialising, likes to start conversations, has many friends, and finds it easy to meet new people.


What are the big five personality traits Quizlet?  Meanwhile, those low on the extroversion scale prefer solitude and feel exhausted from socializing too much. They also tend to dislike small talk and find it difficult to start conversations.


Is this you?

-I am the life of the party.

-I love getting all of the attention.

-I usually strike up conversations with people.


  1. Agreeableness


Agreeableness means the way a person interacts with others and whether they have a tendency to cooperate and feel compassionate toward people.


A highly agreeable person feels empathy toward other people and enjoys helping. A person low in this trait doesn’t care as much about others”” feelings and tends to disagree a lot.


Is this you?


-I tend to trust people.

-I am sensitive toward other people’s feelings.

-I like to make people feel comfortable.


  1. Neuroticism


Neuroticism refers to a person’s ability to remain stable and balanced. Those high in neuroticism tend to experience a lot of anxiety and worry about things easily. Someone low in neuroticism tends to be emotionally stable and doesn’t worry often.


Is this you?


-I get stressed easily.

-I tend to worry a lot.

-I tend to be moody.


How did you rank for each? You can go through the “Big Five” and rank yourself as high, medium, or low. Understanding your personality, you can ask for your own needs and connect more easily with others.



You can also score people in your life to see how they rank for each trait. In this way, you can understand the motivations behind someone’s behaviours. Looking at people through the lenses of the Big Five personality traits improves conversation and interactions.


For example, if you know someone who ranks high in consciousness, plan rather than show up at their house spontaneously. If you know someone high in openness, make suggestions for exciting new activities to try.


They’ll love you for it. Invite someone low in extroversion to a movie or quiet dinner rather than a crowded music festival or a big party. If you know a highly neurotic person, learn their triggers and try to avoid them.


With the Big Five, you can unlock the motivations behind each person’s behaviours and improve interactions. Through understanding others, we can optimize our interactions while building better, lasting relationships with the people in our lives.


What Are The Big Five Traits Measured In The Five-Factor Model Of Personality?

What are the big five traits measured in the five factor model of personality

What are the big five traits measured in the five-factor model of personality? From nature and nurture to age and maturation, the big 5 traits have been widely studied where we can see what influences their impact on a person’s behaviour and character.


Personality has often been hypothesised as a question of nurture or nature. One particular study looked at 123 pairs of identical twins and 127 pairs of fraternal twins.


“The findings suggested that the heritability of each trait was 53 percent for extraversion, 41 percent for agreeableness, 44 percent for conscientiousness, 41 percent for neuroticism, and 61 percent for openness.”


It has also been widely recognised that the older we get, the more our behaviour traits will change. We become less extraverted, less neurotic, and less open to new experiences whilst our agreeableness and conscientiousness will grow as we get older.


Do men and women differ in the big 5 traits?


What are the big five traits measured in the five-factor model of personality? The consensus is that men and women are more alike than what normative social science would have us believe. But as the title would suggest, there are some exceptions.


Weinsberg and DeYoung 2011 studied the big 5 traits and in particular Gender Differences in Personality across the Ten Aspects of the Big Five. They concluded that women tend to score higher on Extraversion, Agreeableness, and Neuroticism than men.


Other studies have concluded that whilst the differences may be present, some traits are not extensively separate. Getting older will tend to align behaviour traits such as agreeableness and extraversion where both genders tend to score lower as time moves on.


Big five personality traits tests


We can successfully measure personality traits with different tools and techniques. All in all, these tests are trying to discover how much your behaviour varies from high to low in the five traits which include; Openness, Conscientiousness, Extraversion, Agreeableness, and Neuroticism.


How are the traits measured?


What are the big five traits measured in the five-factor model of personality? Traditionally, a Big 5 personality test is taken with a questionnaire and a multiple-choice response.


For example, these questions will ask how much a person agrees or disagrees that he or she is someone who exemplifies various specific statements, such as:


“Is open to trying new experiences” (for openness, or open-mindedness)

“Is always thinking about others” (for conscientiousness)

“Is the centre of attention at a party” (for extroversion)

“Is trusting of others” (for agreeableness)

“Is anxious about the future all the time” (for neuroticism, or negative emotionality)

The responses, Strongly agree to Strongly Disagree (with alternatives in between) will determine to what scale the person may be grouped into different personality traits.


Are big five personality tests reliable?


Assessments based on the big 5 personality tests are very reliable, provided that sufficient research has been carried out and substantiated.


It is, to date, the most scientifically validated and reliable psychological model to measure personality. It is used to help predict behaviour as well as personality.


It remains a dependable model that businesses and scientific studies have been able to use consistently over a long period in helping to create new models, which predict someone’s behaviour at work, response to stressful situations, and even understanding aspects of recorded social studies.


Big Five Personality Traits PDF

big five personality traits pdf

Big five personality traits pdf. A personality trait is a characteristic pattern of thinking, feeling, or behaving that tends to be consistent over time and across relevant situations.


The Big Five Extraversion, Agreeableness, Conscientiousness, Neuroticism, and Openness to Experience are a set of five broad, bipolar trait dimensions that constitute the most widely used model of personality structure.


The Big Five personality model is a typology of five broad-based traits that have been argued to comprehensively represent the most fundamental dimensions of human personality. The traits are extraversion, neuroticism, agreeableness, conscientiousness, and openness to experience.


Big five personality traits pdf. Theoretical approaches to media selection such as uses and gratifications theory and mood management theory suggest that personality characteristics such as those in the Big Five model affect media use indirectly.


They shape the strength of needs or desires that potential media users seek to gratify, and thus affect the kind of media that are selected. Research has found the Big Five personality dimensions to have modest but significant associations with specific types of media use.


Big five personality traits pdf. A considerable body of research has examined personality stability and change across the life span, as well as the influence of personality traits on important life outcomes, in terms of the Big Five.


Five-Factor Model Of Personality

five factor model of personality

Five-factor model of personality. Personality research has generated a variety of different theories that attempt to define and measure personality.


The most widely accepted taxonomy of personality among industrial-organizational psychologists is the Big Five Personality Traits model, or the Five-Factor Model of personality.


The Five-Factor Model breaks personality down into five components: Agreeableness, Conscientiousness, Extraversion, Openness, and Stress Tolerance. Personality tests that are based on this model measure where an individual lies on the spectrum of each of the five traits.


Each Five-factor model of personality measures a unique aspect of human personality:


  • Agreeableness is a measure of an individual’s tendencies concerning social harmony. This trait reflects how well the individual gets along with others, how cooperative or skeptical they are, and how they might interact within a team.


  • Conscientiousness is a measure of how careful, deliberate, self-disciplined, and organised an individual is. Conscientiousness is often predictive of employee productivity, particularly in lower-level positions.


Five-factor model of personality.


  • Extraversion is a measure of how sociable, outgoing, and energetic an individual is. Individuals who score lower on the extraversion scale are considered to be more introverted, or more deliberate, quiet, low-key, and independent.


Some types of positions are better suited for individuals who fall on one side of the spectrum or the other.


  • Openness measures the extent to which an individual is imaginative and creative, as opposed to down-to-earth and conventional.
  • Stress Tolerance measures the ways in which individuals react to stress.


Big Five Models Of Personality

big five model of personality

Big five models of personality. The Big Five Model also referred to as the Five-Factor Model, is a famous personality theory that describes personality as the play between five personality traits or factors.


These factors or characteristics include openness to experience, conscientiousness, agreeableness, extraversion, and neuroticism. Numerous psychologists have further developed the Big Five Model, given its multifold applications in research, development, and assessment of personality.



The Big five models of personality aim to understand the fundamentals of personality, which are essential in social interactions with others, especially in workplace behaviour.


According to the Big Five Model, an individual’s personality is a combination of five personality factors. The Big Five Model is validated across various cultures and backgrounds.


Personality assessments, as the name implies, gauge an individual’s positive and dark personality traits. Personality assessments are modeled after two broad schools of thought – trait theory and type theory.


Big five models of personality. Type-based personality assessments characterize people according to certain qualitatively distinctive categories. These are more suitable for personal use.


Trait-based personality assessments view personality as a function of multiple traits and measure the degree to which each trait is present in individuals. They are used for high-stake decisions in workplace settings.


In Organizational Behaviour

in organizational behaviour

In organizational Behaviour. How you act at your organisation or place of work is dependent on your personality trait. It is also what can get you far up the ladder. I will explain the big five with regard to organisational behaviour.


  • Openness:


People who are high on openness, are imaginative as well as conservative and possess a down-to-earth kind of nature. They like emotions, adventure, art, unusual ideas, possess curiosity and imagination, and like variety.



They perform well in settings involving training and usually are capable of blooming in situations that require acquiring new skills and flexibility. Their personality trait gets them quickly adjusted to a new job setting.


  • Conscientiousness:


Big five personality traits. This personality trait refers to how organised, achievement-driven, dependable, punctual, and systematic a person is. It is this trait of an individual that sets him/her apart and gives out the prediction about his /her level of performance in a wide assortment of occupations that he or she gets involved in.


  • Extraversion:


This refers to a person’s outgoing, sociable and talkative nature, and ability to build up quick and strong interactions. They are found to be successful at jobs involving sales, as well as jobs involving managerial responsibilities.


They display inspirational behaviours in leadership roles. They usually are happy in the work environment as they enjoy the relationships that they build up there.


  • Agreeableness:


In organizational Behaviour, this refers to the personality traits of compassion, and cooperation in a person on one hand while suspicion and antagonism on the other. They are friendly, helpful, optimistic, and possess the willingness to sacrifice for the benefit of others.


People with a high degree of agreeableness, are liked by others and create a strong bonding with others. They do not retaliate much when treated unfairly by others and have the potential of being an effective leader as well as a valuable assets to a team as they can create a fair environment in a team.


Neuroticism or Emotional Stability:


Big five personality traits. This personality trait refers to a person’s emotionality, temperaments, irritability, anxiousness, and moodiness. It points toward the individual’s ability to remain calm and stable, and ability to handle stress.


They generally get angry quickly, and succumb to anxiety and depression, resulting in their inability to think clearly and handle complicated situations. People that are high on Neuroticism are usually low in achievements as this trait acts negatively against a successful career.


They repeatedly get unsatisfied with their job and depict intentions of leaving, though they do not leave.



In organizational Behaviour. For running organizational management effectively, managers need to have a very clear understanding of the personality traits that essentially comprise the overall employee psychology of an organization, as well as specific teams dealing with specific job responsibilities.


Every organization does not require every kind of individual personality in its organizational climate, as it often adversely affects the organizational behaviour and performance.


Hence, team leaders, as well as the HR department of an organization, need to understand the job design of the organization and the requisite employee personality type that would best fit into it.


A precise knowledge of the personality and individual differences would also enhance effective management of the organization, particularly during a reform.


Openness Personality Trait

openness personality trait

Openness personality trait. Openness, also often referred to as openness/intellect or openness to experience, is one of the Big Five factors of personality. The Big Five theory suggests that personality is composed of five major dimensions. Each dimension represents a continuum, so you can be high, low, or somewhere in the middle about each trait.


People who tend to be high in the trait of openness are more willing to embrace new things, fresh ideas, and novel experiences. They are open-minded and approach new things with curiosity and tend to seek out novelty.


They tend to pursue new adventures, experiences, and creative endeavors. They are also very good at thinking about and making connections between different concepts and ideas.


People who are low on openness, on the other hand, tend to prefer routines, traditions, and familiarity.


They approach new things with great caution and prefer consistency. Individuals who are very low on the trait of openness are often seen as being rigid and close-minded. They may find it difficult to cope with changes.


Openness personality trait. Individuals who are low in this trait may pass up opportunities to try new things, including changes that could lead to academic or career advancement.


Rather than move to a new place to go to a different school or make a career change to find a more rewarding job, they may stick with what is routine and familiar.


Common Characteristics of Openness


According to one definition:


“Openness/Intellect reflects imagination, creativity, intellectual curiosity, and appreciation of esthetic experiences. Broadly, Openness/Intellect relates to the ability and interest in attending to and processing complex stimuli.”


People who are high in this trait are more likely to seek out new experiences. They enjoy things that are new, different, and surprising. They are also more likely to pay attention to their feelings and inner experiences.


People who are high in openness tend to have many of the following characteristics:


  • Creative
  • Intelligent
  • Give great attention to mental imagery
  • Interested in new things
  • Enjoys hearing new ideas
  • Likes thinking about abstract concepts
  • Usually more liberal and open to diversity
  • Interested in artistic endeavors
  • Adventurous


Openness personality trait. Openness to experience also tends to be correlated to another psychological trait known as absorption, which involves the ability to become immersed in imagination or fantasy. This construct may also be linked to hypnotic susceptibility, or the tendency to be hypnotizable.




A person’s tendency to be either open or closed to experience is likely influenced by both genetics and experience. In psychology, this is often known as the nature or nurture debate.


The nature side of the debate argues that certain psychological tendencies are largely caused by heritable factors, while the nurture side of the debate suggests that experience and environmental factors play the most pivotal role.


What to Know About Nature vs. Nurture


Twin studies of the Big Five personality traits suggest that heritability accounts for between 40% to 60% of the individual variance in traits.


While there is not a great deal of research available on the specific causes of each trait, one study found that 21% of differences in openness between individuals were due to heritability.


Another study suggested that approximately 10% of the variance in novelty-seeking was due to genetic inheritance.


How Does Openness Influence behaviour?


Big five personality traits. Openness is often viewed as a positive trait. Open people have a higher level of intrinsic motivation to pursue knowledge for its own sake. They are curious about the world and want to learn more about how it works.


They are also eager to try new things, so they may be better able to adapt and thrive when faced with changes in their environment, situation, or relationships.


This doesn’t mean that openness doesn’t have any downsides. Because people who are high on this trait seek novelty, they may also be more willing to engage in risky behaviours. Interestingly, however, some studies have linked decreased openness to increased risk for drug use.




Big five personality traits. Of the five traits described by the big five theory, openness to experience is the only personality factor that research consistently links to creativity.


People who are high in openness tend to be more creative in general, are more likely to pursue creative achievements, engage in divergent thinking, and take part in creative hobbies.


Learning and Knowledge


Because people with high levels of openness are interested in new things, they are often motivated to learn about new ideas and acquire new knowledge.


Research has found that openness to experience is correlated with intelligence as well as what is known as crystallised intelligence. This type of intelligence involves the ability to use all of the facts and knowledge that a person acquires throughout life.



Big Five Personality Test Score Interpretation.

big five personality test score interpretation

Big five personality test score interpretation. Your personality is unique to you and an important part of who you are. It includes your preferences, mannerisms, and behaviour. Together, these can play a role in your friendships, relationships, career, and hobbies.


There are countless personality tests designed to help you better understand your personality. They come in many formats and are based on different models. The Big Five model of personality, also called the Five-Factor Model (FFM), is one popular model.


Big five personality test score interpretation. The Big Five model represents five major personality traits, which you can remember using the CANOE acronym:


  • Conscientiousness
  • Agreeableness
  • Neuroticism
  • Openness
  • Extraversion/Extroversion


What does conscientiousness mean?


Conscientiousness describes a careful, detail-oriented nature.


High score


If you score high on conscientiousness, you likely:


  • keep things in order
  • come prepared to school or work
  • are goal-driven
  • are persistent


If you are a conscientious person, you might follow a regular schedule and have a knack for keeping track of details. You likely deliberate over options and work hard to achieve your goals. Coworkers and friends might see you as a reliable, fair person.


You may tend to micromanage situations or tasks. You might also be cautious or difficult to please.


Low score


A low score on conscientiousness might mean you:


  • are less organised
  • complete tasks in a less structured way
  • take things as they come
  • finish things at the last minute
  • are impulsive


A low conscientiousness score might mean you prefer a setting without structure. You may prefer doing things at your own pace to working on a deadline. This might make you appear unreliable to others.


What does agreeableness mean?


Agreeableness refers to a desire to keep things running smoothly.


High score


A high score in agreeableness might mean you:


  • are always ready to help out
  • are caring and honest
  • are interested in the people around you
  • believe the best about others


Big five personality traits. If you score high in agreeableness, you’re helpful and cooperative. Your loved ones may often turn to you for help. People might see you as trustworthy. You may be the person others seek when they’re trying to resolve a disagreement.


In some situations, you might be a little too trusting or willing to compromise. Try to balance your knack for pleasing others with self-advocacy.


Low score


A low agreeableness score might mean you:


  • are stubborn
  • find it difficult to forgive mistakes
  • are self-centered
  • have less compassion for others


A low agreeableness score may mean you tend to hold grudges. You might also be less sympathetic with others. But you are also likely to avoid the pitfalls of comparing yourself to others or caring about what others think of you.


What does neuroticism mean?


Neuroticism describes a tendency to have unsettling thoughts and feelings.


High score


A high score in neuroticism can mean you:


  • often feel vulnerable or insecure
  • get stressed easily
  • struggle with difficult situations
  • have mood swings


If you score high on neuroticism, you may blame yourself when things go wrong. You might also get frustrated with yourself easily, especially if you make a mistake. Chances are, you’re also prone to worrying.


Big five personality test score interpretation. But you’re likely also more introspective than others, which helps you to examine and understand your feelings.


Low score


If you score low on neuroticism, you likely:


  • keep calm in stressful situations
  • are more optimistic
  • worry less
  • have a more stable mood


A low neuroticism score can mean you’re confident. You may have more resilience and find it easy to keep calm under stress. Relaxation might also come more easily to you. Try to keep in mind that this might not be as easy for those around you, so be patient.


What does openness mean?


Openness, or openness to experience, refers to a sense of curiosity about others and the world.


High score


If you scored high on openness, you might:


  • enjoy trying new things
  • be more creative
  • have a good imagination
  • be willing to consider new ideas


A high score on openness can mean you have broad interests. You may enjoy solving problems with new methods and find it easy to think about things in different ways. Being open to new ideas may help you adjust easily to change.


Just make sure to keep an eye out for any situations where you might need to establish boundaries, whether that be with family members or your work-life balance.


Low score


A low openness score might mean you:


  • prefer to do things in a familiar way
  • avoid change
  • are more traditional in your thinking


A low openness score can mean you consider concepts in straightforward ways. Others likely see you as being grounded and down-to-earth.


What does extraversion mean?


Extraversion refers to the energy you draw from social interactions.


High score:


A high extraversion score might mean you:


  • seek excitement or adventure
  • make friends easily
  • speak without thinking
  • enjoy being active with others


If you score high on extraversion, you might consider yourself an extrovert. You might enjoy the attention and feel recharged after spending time with friends. You likely feel your best when in a large group of people.


On the other hand, you may have trouble spending long periods alone.


Low score:


A low extraversion score can mean you:


  • have a hard time making small talk or introducing yourself
  • feel worn out after socializing
  • avoid large groups
  • are more reserved


A low extraversion score can mean you prefer to spend time alone or with a small group of close friends. You might also be a more private person when it comes to sharing details about your life. This might come across as standoffish to others.



Big Five Personality Test Sample Report

big five personality test sample report

Big five personality test sample report. There are no good or bad levels of a given trait. Their variance is an effect of the neurodiversity of human beings. They give us an advantage in certain situations, so the right match between your personality and the context is key to your satisfaction and productivity.


Some of the results may not seem positive to you in an obvious way. Those whose score on the extraversion scale is lower than 98% of the population belong to the 2% of the most solitary and reserved.


Big five personality test sample report. They don’t feel the need to be in the spotlight, they can listen attentively to others and they recharge their energy supply by spending time alone with themselves. Those, whose score on this scale is higher than 98% of the population, belong to the 2% of the most outgoing and loud.


Big five personality test sample report. These people love being in the centre of attention, are the first to start talking, and draw energy from social interactions. Bear in mind, that most people land somewhere in between those extremes.


Think about your traits as your strengths – as patterns of behaviour that you exercised and strengthened because they have allowed you to adapt to your surroundings as best as you can so far.


Neuroticism Personality Trait

neuroticism personality trait

Neuroticism personality trait. Neuroticism, one of the Big 5 personality traits, is typically defined as a tendency toward anxiety, depression, self-doubt, and other negative feelings.


All personality traits, including neuroticism, exist on a spectrum; some people are just much more neurotic than others. In the context of the Big 5, neuroticism is sometimes described as low emotional stability or negative emotionality.


Some self-deprecating comedians and complainers wear their neuroticism as a badge of honor, but in truth, people with neurotic dispositions are more prone to anxiety, mood disorders, and additional unfavorable social and emotional outcomes.


Neuroticism personality trait. Neuroticism has been defined somewhat differently by different psychologists, but at its core, it reflects a general tendency toward negative emotions. The term derives from the historic concept of neurosis, which referred to a form of mental illness involving chronic distress.


A person’s level of neuroticism can be assessed by personality tests that ask individuals to rate the extent to which they:


  • worry about things


  • are easily disturbed


  • have frequent mood swings


  • get irritated easily


  • often feel blue


… along with other, similar self-descriptions, with higher ratings indicating a higher level of neuroticism.


Some systems of organizing the Big 5 traits, which include neuroticism further divide the traits into multiple sub-traits.


Neuroticism personality trait. One scale, the most recent version of the Big 5 Inventory, separates neuroticism (relabeled as Negative Emotionality) into three facets that each reflects a tendency to feel certain ways:


  1. anxiety


  1. depression


  1. emotional volatility


For someone who is highly neurotic, it’s easy to feel trapped by maladaptive thought patterns and to struggle with depression or anxiety because of their personality traits and this is understandable.


Is there anything someone can do to make themselves less neurotic? Research suggests that personality traits are not set in stone and can change throughout a lifetime—particularly after a major life event like getting married or having a child.


Whether an individual naturally becomes less neurotic overtime or not, however, there are steps one can take to better cope with neuroticism.


Big Five Personality Trait Conclusion

Big Five personality traits conclusion

Big five personality traits conclusion.  Personality tests can sometimes help you understand yourself better. But they can’t completely define who you are as a person. A test won’t fully describe you, even if it gets some things right.


If you’d like to work on a specific feeling or behaviour, or if you think one of your traits might hurt your relationships, you can always seek help from a counselor or therapist.


A counsellor can help you uncover more about your personality and explore ways to achieve any changes you’d like to make.


Always remember that behaviour involves an interaction between a person’s underlying personality and situational variables. The situation that which a person finds himself or herself plays a major role in how the person reacts.


Big five personality traits conclusion. However, in most cases, people offer responses that are consistent with their underlying personality traits.


These dimensions represent broad areas of personality. Research has demonstrated that these groupings of characteristics tend to occur together in many people. For example, sociable individuals tend to be talkative.


However, these traits do not always occur together. Personality is complex and varied and each person may display behaviours across several of these dimensions.

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